¿Qué tal? – saludos



To get you off on the right footing, you need to know how to say hello to people properly. Just as in English, there are several ways of doing this in Spanish. You can simply use hola (hello or hi) on its own. You can also use buenos días (good morning), buenas tardes (good afternoon or good evening – provided it’s still light), and buenas noches (good evening – once it’s dark). Spanish speakers often use both together, as in hola, buenos días and hola, buenas tardes.

¡Hola, Jaime!Hi Jaime!
Buenos días.Good morning.
Hola, buenos días.Good morning.
Buenas tardes, Luis.Good afternoon, Luis.
Buenas noches.Good evening.

¿Lo sabías?

When you pass friends and acquaintances in the street and don’t stop to talk, rather than saying hola you say hasta luego or adiós.

You’ll also want to ask the people you know how they are. The simplest way to do this is by using ¿Qué tal? This is quite informal, and suitable when you know the person quite well. If you want to be more formal you say ¿Cómo está? to someone you speak to as usted.

how are you?
Hola, Juana, ¿qué tal?Hi, how are you, Juana?
¡Buenos días! ¿Cómo está, señor Garcia?Good morning! How are you, señor Garcia?
Hola, Pepe, ¿qué tal te va?Hello Pepe, how’s it going?
¿Qué pasa, Raquel? ¡Cuánto tiempo sin verte!How are things, Raquel? It’s ages since I´ve seen you!

Use adiós (goodbye) or hasta pronto (see you soon) to say goodbye to people you don’t know ell. You can just say hasta luego (see you) if you want to sound more informal.

¡Adiós! ¡Hasta otra!Goodbye! See you again!
¡Buenas noches!Good night!

¿Lo sabías?

Buenas noches means both good evening and good night. So you use it both when arriving and leaving somewhere in the evening. When saying goodbye to someone you know you’ll see tomorrow, such as a colleague, you say hasta mañana (see you tomorrow).

see you…!
¡Hasta luego!See you!
¡Hasta pronto!See you soon!
¡Hasta mañana!See you tomorrow!
¡Hasta el lunes!See you Monday!

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